Baskinta – Our Lady of the Assumption

Saint Mary Church,, Baskinta, Lebanon

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كنيسة سيّدة الإنتقال



Mount Lebanon

كنيسة سيّدة الإنتقال - بسكنتاتعودُ هذه الكنيسة إلى القرن السابع بحسب التقليد، خُرّبت الكنيسة الأولى مع حملة المماليك في القرن الثالث عشر. أْعيد البناء سنة ١٦٥٠، وجُدّد سنة ١٧١٢. سنة ١٩١١ ذُهِّب المذبح الرئيسيّ.رُمّمت الكنيسة على عدّة مراحل وحقبات: ١٩٠٧ و ١٩٧٤ و ٢٠٠١. بُنيَ الرواق أمام الكنيسة سنة ١٩١٢. في الكنيسة ثلاث أروقة: السيّدة ولوحتها من عمل القسّ بطرس القبرصيّ الراهب اللبنانيّ، وهو أوّل رسّام في جبل لبنان القديم، مار جرجس، ومار يوحنّا المعمدان. هذه الكنيسة هي الأقدم في بسكنتا، وكانت أروقتها مقسومةً قديمًا بين الموارنة والروم الكاثوليك والروم الأرثوذكس، رعيّة واحدة لكنائس مختلفة!Our Lady of the Assumption - BaskintaThe first church dates back to the VIIth century, yet it was destroyed with the Mamluk’s invasion in the XIIIth century. The church was rebuilt in 1650, and renewed in 1712. In 1911 the high altar was gilded. The church was renewed several times during its long history: 1907, 1974, and 2001. In 1912 a narthex was added with an Antipendium. The church is in a basilical plan and divided by three naves: Our Lady’s with a Madonna painting drawn by Boutros el Qobrsy the Lebanese Cypriot monk and the first known painter in Mount Lebanon, St John the baptist, and St George. This church is the oldest in Baskinta, in earlier times the naves where divided between the village's Christian communities: the Maronites, the Melkite, and the Greek Orthodox. One parish for three christian communities.

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هو من الأديار القديمة في الكنيسة المارونيَّة،
بناه المرَدَةَ سنة ٨٥٠. إستولى عليه الحماديُّون حوالي سنة ١١٢١، مدَّةً من الزمن، فانتقل رهبانُه في أثنائها إلى دير سيِّدة إيليج. تَسَلَّمت الرهبانيَّةُ اللبنانيّة المارونيّة ديرَ ميفوق سنة ١٧٦٦، من الأمير يوسف الشهابيّ. انعقد في هذا الدير، مجمعًا إقليميًّا للكنيسة المارونيَّة، برئاسة القاصد الرسولي الأب بطرس دي مورينا و المطران ميخائيل الخازن سنة ١٧٨٠. سنة ١٨٥٠، أمضى فيه مار شربل سنة ابتداءٍ واحدة. أنشأت الرهبانيَّة معهدًا في الدير، سنة ١٩٢٢. وَمِن محفوظات دير سيِّدة – ميفوق، صورة سيِّدة إيليج الأثريَّة التي أُعيد ترميمُها بين سنتَي ١٩٨٢ ١٩٨٧. لعب الدّير دورًا على صُعُد التنشئة الرهبانيّة والوطنيّة دورًا بارزًا.

The monastery of Our Lady of Mayfouq - Mayfouq

One of the oldest Maronite monasteries built arround 850 by the Maradites. It was taken over by the Hamadi’s in 1121, and back then the monks moved to Ilige. The monastery was given to the Lebanese Maronite Order in 1766 by Prince Youssef Shehab. In 1780 a local Maronite council was held in the monastery presided by the papal delegate Fr Peter di Morina and bishop Mikael el Khazen. In 1850 St Charbel spent a year of his novitiate there. A school was founded by the order in 1922. The monastery holds the famous icon of our Lady of Ilige restored between 1982 and 1987. The monastery played a great national role and it was a major school of formation for the monks.

Hadchit – Saint Romanos

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بُنيت الكنيسة الأولى في القرن السابع عشر فوق بقايا هيكل رومانيّ على يد الخوري يرد الحدشيتي. أواخر القرن التاسع عشر أُعيد بناؤها على يد الخوري مخايل الخوري يونس وأُتِمَّ سنة ١٨٩٩. اللوحات الثلاث الرئيسيّة من عمل داود القرم، أمّا الجداريّات فهي أحدث عهدًا تعود لمنتصف القرن العشرين وهي من عمل مالك شحيبر طوق.

The church was first built in the 17th century over the ruins of a roman temple by Fr. Yard of Hadshit. During the 19th century the church was rebuilt by Fr. Mikhael el Khoury Younes in 1899. The three main paintings were done by Dawoud al Qorm, The murals are more recent from the mid 20th century by Malek Chehaiber Tawk. 

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On the northern side of the village of Kousba, is the monastery of Our Lady of Hamatoura, built in the rocky hollow of a high cliff which overlooks the holy valley of Kadisha. Hamatoura is 84km from Beirut.

The church of Saint Jacob is the most ancient part of the monastery, belonging to the 4th century, while a large cross from the 7th century rises above the outer doorway. Some quite well preserved frescoes dating back to the middle ages cover the walls of the church, one of which shows the Holy Virgin, Queen of Heaven, seated on a throne with the Child Jesus on her knees.

Near the monastery are two venerable churches, one dedicated to Saint Michael and the other to Saint John the Baptist. On the top of the hill one can see the church of St. George. Close by the monastery is a rocky cave where one may perceive the base of a stalagmite, where barren women come to pray in the hope of bearing a child, for this grotto was dedicated to the pagan goddess of fecundity.

Late in the 13th century, at Our Lady Monastery in Hamatoura, Saint Jacob began his ascetic life. Later, when the monastery was destroyed by the Mamlukes, he reestablished monasticism along the perimeter of the ruined monastery. In time, he rebuilt the monastery, regenerating and giving renewed vigor to monastic life in the area. His spiritual briskness, vivacity, and popularity among believers drew the attention of the Mamelukes who set their minds to stop his verve and determination and force him to convert to Islam. He stubbornly refused their relentless pressures. The Mamlukes killed him and burned the church. Today, believers and pilgrims are constantly reporting his apparitions, miraculous healings and other Grace-filled deeds.