Maarab – Saint Gregory and Basil

Maarab, Lebanon

Other Details

كنيسة مار باسيليوس وغريغوريوس - معراب

1305

Maarab

Keserwan

Mount Lebanon

بنى الموارنة كنيستهم الأولى في معراب على أنقاض هيكل رومانيّ وثنيّ. خُرّبت هذه الكنيسة الأولى مع حملة المماليك على كسروان سنة ١٣٠٥. أعاد أبناء البلدة بناء الكنيسة على إسم ما باسيليوس وغريغوريوس، وأخذت شكلها الحاليّ سنة ١٨٨٥. في هذه الكنيسة يرقد على رجاء القيامة المطران بولس فؤاد نعيم تابت (١٩٢٩-٢٠٠٩) وهو أوّل سفير بابويّ مارونيّ لبنانيّ.The first church was built by the Maronites over a roman pagan temple. The church was destroyed during the Mamluk’s campaign on Keserwan in 1305. After their return, the villagers reconstructed the church and it was consecrated to Sts Basil and Gregory. It took its final shape in 1885. The church is the final resting place of Bishop Paul Fouad Naim Tabet (1929-2009), the first Lebanese Maronite Papal nuncio

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Enfeh – Deir Saydet el Natour

Deir Saydet el Natour, Hraiche, Lebanon

سيدة الناطور

Enfeh

Koura

North

The convent’s ancient origin is attached to a legend. A rich man of the region committed adultery; filled with remorse, he attached a padlocked iron chain to his ankle and threw the key into the sea-shore and survived on the fish brought to him by local fishermen, who called him the guardian of the cavern. One day, a fisherman brought him a fish, in whose entrails the hermit found the key of the padlock. He knew then that God had delivered him from his suffering, and he built a convent above the cavern. He dedicated it to The Mother of God, but it also took the name of the Guardian.

The daily life of the convent is regulated by the flow of visitors who come to fulfill vows and make prayers. Sister Catherine al-Jamal is the principal resident of Dayr al-Natour, and she has done everything within her power to restore it.

According to the Crusader document, the Monastery of the Presentation of Our Lady Natour was built by Cistercians. Indeed, the Church interior resembles that of the Cistercian Church of Balamand, built in 1157. Otherwise, the history of Dayr al-Natour is hidden in obscurity, although it is said that the local Orthodox community took it over after the departure of the Crusaders. Its name is almost unmentioned by historical sources during the Mamluk and most of the Ottoman period, although it is reported that French corsairs attacked the Monastery at the beginning of the eighteenth century and killed a monk.

In 1838, the Ottoman authorities gave permission to the Monastery to be rebuilt. In the second half of the nineteenth century, it contained several monks and a superior, and it possessed fifteen dunums of land. During the First World War, it was bombarded by a Russian ship. A few years later, the Monastery lost its last Superior, Basilios Debs, who became Archbishop of Akkar. After his departure, monastic life ended at Dayr al-Natour.

During the twentieth century, the deserted monastery became a refuge for shepherds from the neighboring regions. In 1973, Sister Catherine al-Jamal moved to Dayr al-Natour and began to restore it from its ruin.

Dlebta – Convent of Our Lady of the Fields

دير سيدة الحقلة، دلبتا، Lebanon

دير سيّدة الحقلة - دلبتا

1755

Dlebta

Keserwan

Mount Lebanon

دير سيدة الحقلة - دلبتا
يعود تأسيس دير سيدة الحقلة في دلبتا – لبنان إلى القرن السادس عشر على يد الخوري يوسف قصاف.
عام 1755 شيدت الكنيسة الكبيرة وحفر على عتبة بابها الصليب البطريركي الماروني.
راهبات سيدة الحقلة أو الراهبات الحبيسات المسؤولات عن الدير يقضين نهارهنّ في الصلاة، العمل اليدوي والزراعي.
هذا الدير الذي كان يجمع الراهبات والرهبان، قصد إحدى رهبانه من حوالي ٤٠٠ سنة تقريباً النمسا بهدف البحث عن جرس جديد حيث كُسر جرس الكنيسة الأساسي على يد الراهب نفسه.
وفي التفاصيل، أن ابنة الملك كانت مريضة وسمع هذا الراهب بهذا الأمر فتوجه الى البلاط الملكي وصلّى على الفتاة فشيت في الحال. فقال له الملك، ماذا تريد وكيف اردّ لك الجميل، فقال الراهب، اريد جرساً جديداً أصطحبه معي الى جبل لبنان. فأهداه الملك جرسًا وبيت قربان وكأس قربان ومذبحًا وغيرها من الأمور التي جاء بها الى الدير.
ومنذ ذلك التاريخ وهذه التّحف موجودة في الدير حتى يومنا هذا.

The monastery of our Lady of the fields - Dlebta
The monastery was built by the priest Joseph Asaf during the sixteenth century. The main church was built in 1755 and a patriarcal cross was engraved on it’s main door. The monastery is now occupied by a patriarcal contemplative order of nuns.
When it was built, the monastery was mixed with two communities: monks and nuns. 400 years ago a monk broke the church’s bell when he was ringing it, so he went to Austria where he had an audience with the emperor and asked him for a bell to be taken to Mount Lebanon.
After a healing miracle with an austrian princess, the emperor donated a bell, a great tabernacle, a high altar, and a chalice to the monastery. All of these baroque artifacts are still conserved in the monastery today.

Jezzine – Saint Joseph Church

Saint Joseph Church, Jezzine, Lebanon

دير مار يوسف - جزين

1807

Jezzine

Jezzine

South


سنة ١٨٠٤ رسم المطران يوحنا الحلو الخوري حنا رزق (المطران يوسف) كاهنًا، وفوّض إليه بأمر البطريرك يوسف التيّان حقوق النيابة وزيارة أبرشية صور وصيدا، فسهر على خيرها ملاحظًا شؤونها متجوّلاً في أنحائها. بعد قرابة الثلاثة أعوام من تعيينه نائبًا عامًا على أبرشية صور وصيدا، وبعد أن عرف حاجتها الى العلم، باشر الأب حنا رزق بإنشاء دير ومدرسة مار يوسف في جزين. عام 1810 توقف الأب حنا عن البناء وعاد الى عين ورقة ليصبح رئيسًا للمدرسة في غسطا. عاد المطران يوسف بعد احداث ١٨٦٠ ليبني الدير والكنيسة. ميزة بناء هذه الكنيسة هي عدم وجود اي عمود في وسطها ، وطراز شبابيكها، ونوع حجارتها والدرج الداخلي في حائطها الشمالي. واستقدم لها اللوحات من روما والمذابح الرخاميّة من المرمر الأبيض. وهي آية في الجمال المعماري. اللوحات من عمل رسام ايطالي انريكو سكيفوني. وهي اليوم وقف الآل رزق.

In 1804 Archbishop Youhanna el Helo ordained Hanna Rizk (later bishop Youssef) a priest, and gave him the mission with the blessing of Patriarch Tayyan to oversee as a vicar general the archdiocese of Tyr and Sidon. After three years in his mission, and seeing the urge for a seminary in the diocese, he began the construction of St. Joseph's Seminary in his hometown Jezzin. In 1810 the construction was delayed due to the appointment of Mgr. Rizk as a Rector in the Maronite Grand Patriarcal Seminary in Ain Warqa. Yet after the war in 1860 he resumed his initial project in Jezzin.
The church is unique in its architecture: a high cieling with no columns. The white marble altars are beautifully ornate. And the paintings are the work of the Italian Enrico Scifoni. The establishment is now a private chapel owned by the Rizk family.