Sarba – St George’s cathedral

St. Georges Cathedral sarba, Sarba, Lebanon

Other Details

كاتدرائيّة مار جرجس

Jounieh Sarba

Keserwan

Mount Lebanon

كاتدرائيّة مار جرجس - صرباسنة ١٨٦٩ اذ كان المطران يوحنّا الحاج (البطربرك لاحقًا) أسقفًا على بعلبك، وكانت صربا تابعة له، إشترى قطعة أرضٍ من بطريركيّة الروم الملكيّين الكاثوليك. فبنيت الكاتدرائيّة بسعي الخوري بولس الأشقر البجّاني. مع موت البطريرك الحاج سنة ١٨٩٠، ضمّت صربا إلى أبرشيّة دمشق. وسنة ١٩٦٠ فصلت عن دمشق لتصبح منطقة صربا نيابةً بطريركيّةً مركزها هذه الكاتدرائيّة. يتميّز بناء الكاتدرائيّة بتصميمٍ بازيليكيّ بسوقٍ واحدة وثلاث مذابح. اللوحات التي تعلو المذابح من عمل الرسّام داوود القرم وتعود للأوائل القرن العشرين.St George’s cathedral - SarbaIn 1869 Mgr.John el Hajj (later patriarch) archbishop of Baalbeck, since Sarba was a dependency of Baalbeck back then, bought a parcel of land from the Melkite Catholic patriarchate to build a church. The construction of the new church began with Fr Boulos al Achkar el Bejjany. When Patriarch el Hajj passed away, Sarba was transferred juridically from the see of Baalbeck to the see of Damascus. In 1860 Sarba was proclaimed an independent ecclesiastical province, a patriarchal vicariate with the cathedral at it’s center. The structure is a single nave with three apses, and three altars. The church holds three early XXth century paintings by Daoud el Qorm.

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Ain el Delbe – The church of St Nohra

St Nohra church ain el delbeh كنيسة مار نوهرا, Ain Al Delbe, Lebanon

كنيسه مار نوهرا

Ain Ed-Delbeh Jbayl

Keserwan

Mount Lebanon

كنيسه مار نوهرا - عين الدلبة

بُنيت الكنيسه أواسط القرن التاسع عشر ، وترمّمت على عدّة مراحل. هي مكرّسة على إسم مار نوهرا وهو لقبّ سريانيّ للقدّيس لوجيوس، يعني النور. اللوحة الاساسيّة من روما تعود لسنة ١٩١٠. أمّا اللوحة القديمة للقدّيس، فهِيَ من عمل كنعان ديب الدلبتاوي. في الكنيسه مذبحُ لعذراء غوادالوبي لوحته مستوردة من المكسيك سنة ١٩٢٠.

The church of St Nohra - Ain el Delbe

The church was built in the mid XIXth century, and restored many times. The church is consecrated to St Logiue who’s named nouhro, which is the syriac translation of the word "light". The painting over the high altar is made in Rome in 1910. The old one over the side altar is the work of Kanaan Dib. Another side altar is dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, and it is a donation from the village’s expats in Mexico in 1920.

Dlebta – Convent of Our Lady of the Fields

دير سيدة الحقلة، دلبتا، Lebanon

دير سيّدة الحقلة - دلبتا

1755

Dlebta

Keserwan

Mount Lebanon

دير سيدة الحقلة - دلبتا
يعود تأسيس دير سيدة الحقلة في دلبتا – لبنان إلى القرن السادس عشر على يد الخوري يوسف قصاف.
عام 1755 شيدت الكنيسة الكبيرة وحفر على عتبة بابها الصليب البطريركي الماروني.
راهبات سيدة الحقلة أو الراهبات الحبيسات المسؤولات عن الدير يقضين نهارهنّ في الصلاة، العمل اليدوي والزراعي.
هذا الدير الذي كان يجمع الراهبات والرهبان، قصد إحدى رهبانه من حوالي ٤٠٠ سنة تقريباً النمسا بهدف البحث عن جرس جديد حيث كُسر جرس الكنيسة الأساسي على يد الراهب نفسه.
وفي التفاصيل، أن ابنة الملك كانت مريضة وسمع هذا الراهب بهذا الأمر فتوجه الى البلاط الملكي وصلّى على الفتاة فشيت في الحال. فقال له الملك، ماذا تريد وكيف اردّ لك الجميل، فقال الراهب، اريد جرساً جديداً أصطحبه معي الى جبل لبنان. فأهداه الملك جرسًا وبيت قربان وكأس قربان ومذبحًا وغيرها من الأمور التي جاء بها الى الدير.
ومنذ ذلك التاريخ وهذه التّحف موجودة في الدير حتى يومنا هذا.

The monastery of our Lady of the fields - Dlebta
The monastery was built by the priest Joseph Asaf during the sixteenth century. The main church was built in 1755 and a patriarcal cross was engraved on it’s main door. The monastery is now occupied by a patriarcal contemplative order of nuns.
When it was built, the monastery was mixed with two communities: monks and nuns. 400 years ago a monk broke the church’s bell when he was ringing it, so he went to Austria where he had an audience with the emperor and asked him for a bell to be taken to Mount Lebanon.
After a healing miracle with an austrian princess, the emperor donated a bell, a great tabernacle, a high altar, and a chalice to the monastery. All of these baroque artifacts are still conserved in the monastery today.

Maghdouhe – Our Lady of Awaiting

Basilica of Our Lady of Mantara - بازيليك سيدة المنطرة, Maghdoucheh, Lebanon

مقام سيدة المنطرة العجائبي مغدوشة

Maghdoucheh

Saida

South

Our Lady of Mantara is a Melkite Greek Catholic Marian shrine in Maghdouché, Lebanon, discovered on 8 September 1721 by a young shepherd. The grotto, which according to a legend dates to ancient times, was subsequently cared after by Monsignor Eftemios Saïfi, Melkite Catholic bishop of the Melkite Greek Catholic Archeparchy of Sidon. The shrine consists of a tower crowned with the statue of the Virgin and Child, a cathedral, a cemetery and a sacred cave believed to be the one where the Virgin Mary rested while she waited for Jesus while he was in Tyre and Sidon. (Women were not allowed in some cities). Since its discovery, it has been steadily visited by families particularly each year on the occasion of the feast of the Nativity of Mary on 8 September.

Ancient era
Many historians agree that the devotion to the Virgin Mary in Lebanon replaced the Phoenician worship of Astarte. Temples and shrines to Astarte were converted to Christian places of worship, honoring the Virgin. This is also true in Maghdouché where within the vicinity of Our Lady of Awaiting are the remains of a shrine to Astarte.

Middle Ages
During the reign of Emperor Constantine, his mother, Saint Helena of Constantinople, requested in 324 the destruction of all pagan temples and idols dedicated to Astarte. The Astarte shrine in Maghdouché was probably destroyed at that time and converted to a place of devotion to the Holy Mother.

Since the early Christian era, the inhabitants of Maghdouché have venerated the cave where the Virgin Mary rested while she waited for her son, Jesus to finish preaching in Sidon. Saint Helena asked the Bishop of Tyre to consecrate a little chapel at the cave in Maghdouché. She sent the people of Maghdouché an icon of the mother and child and some altar furnishings. Historians believe that Saint Helena asked the people to name the chapel, and they named it "Our Lady of Awaiting" because it was there that the holy mother waited for her son.[4] Mantara is derivative of the Semitic root ntr, which means “to wait."

Saint Helena provided funds from the imperial treasury for the maintenance of the chapel. The funding continued for three centuries of Byzantine rule in Phoenicia until Khalid ibn al-Walid defeated Emperor Heraclius at the Battle of the Yarmuk.[4] While the caliph Omar, who became ruler of Jerusalem, was a pious and humble man, sparing Christendom's holiest shrines and being tolerant of his Christian subjects, the Arab rulers of the rest of Byzantium were less tolerant of the Christians, especially in the maritime cities of Tyre, Sidon, Beirut, Byblos, and Tripoli.[4] After the majority of the Sidonians converted to Islam to receive promised privileges and immunities, the people of Maghdouché withdrew to higher elevation up Mount Lebanon. The caliphate had recognised the Christians of Mount Lebanon as autonomous communities, paying a fixed tax. Before abandoning their village, they concealed the entrance to the cave of Our Lady of Awaiting with stones, earth and vines. The people left the village through obscure mountain paths to the strongholds of Christian Lebanon. The legend of Our Lady of Awaiting was passed down to the exiled generations of Maghdouché for one thousand years.

The people of Maghdouché did not return to their ancestral home despite the arrival of the Crusaders in Sidon. The Crusaders spent most of the 12th and 13th centuries in the shadow of Maghdouché without ever suspecting the sacred cave's existence even though they built a small fort, called La Franche Garde, within meters of the hidden entrance to the cave.

Modern era
The people of Maghdouché only returned to their ancestral village during the reign of the Druze Prince Fakhreddin II (1572-1635). The prince, who was considered a tolerant and enlightened ruler of his day and age, believed in equality amongst the diverse religious followers of his Lebanon. To demonstrate this equality, he appointed a Maronite Catholic as Prime Minister, a Muslim as Minister of the Interior, a Druze as Army Commander and a Jew as Finance Minister. His reign was a rare example of non-sectarianism, and it soon became the most prosperous principality in the Ottoman Empire.

It was not easy to relocate the sacred cave even though the men of Maghdouché worked for hundreds of years near the grotto, pulling down the stones of the Crusader fort for building material for their new homes. The cave was finally rediscovered on 8 September 1721 by a young shepherd when one of his goats fell in a well-like opening in the porous limestone. Wanting to save his goat, the shepherd made a rope from vine twigs, tied it to a tree, and descended into the hole, but the rope broke and he fell. When his eyes became accustomed to the darkness of the grotto, the boy saw a soft glimmer of a golden object, which turned out to be Saint Helena’s icon of the Mother and Child. The boy climbed up the stone walls and ran to the village to tell his discovery.

Greek Catholic